Spices for life: another form of healing botanicals are the spices-food additives typically made from the dried leaves, stems, blooms, seeds, roots, bark, or other parts of plants. Spices originally provided strong flavorings in dishes and help to prevent food splitch. Their role was expanded once early healers realize that the seasonings-rich in antioxidants and anti-inflammatories-Also had curative affects on the body, mind, and spirit. They were soon being used to treat systemic diseases and infections; pain, joints, and muscle complaints; reproductive issues; anxiety and depression; wounds; and injuries. By the early middle ages, numerous spices were in such demand they became high-valued items of barter, some worth their weight and gold. It was a revival of medicinal spices that came to the fore, especially once scientific research vindicated many of these healing spices as being genuine remedies and experts began to further understand their beneficial chemistry.