Hops are the female seed cones (strangles) of the hop plant (Humulus lupulus), which are used to flavor and stabilize beer. This plant is a vigorous grower with climbing vines that can reach 20 feet or more. Originally cultivated in Germany in the 900s, hops have been used to ease anxiety, relieve stomach disorders, reduce menstrual cramps, and induce sleep and relaxation. A flavonoid compound, xanthohumol, may have antiviral, anti-clotting, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumor activity. Hops extract is loaded and antioxidants that mimics the effects of a woman’s own estrogen. Hops can increase production of digestive acids beneficial for bladder and urinary-tract infections.