This fiery gift to Europe from Central America has a long list of health benefits. Cayenne peppers can be red, green, or yellow and are the fruit of the chili plant, a small perennial shrub with off-white or purplish flowers. First grown around 5000 BC they are among the oldest cultivated plants. Indigenous people use Cayenne to treat heartburn, fever, sore throat, paralysis, hemorrhoids, and Nausea. The capsaicin in cayenne eases aches by depleteing the pain-causing neurotransmitters in nerve endings. In studies, capsaicin also reduce heart arrhythmias, stimulated blood flow, and inhibited the growth of prostate cancer cells, and it’s beneficial compounds which suppress more than 16 fungal strains. Alternate names include cow-horn peppers, red hot chili peppers, bird pepper, and Guinea pepper. The common name is taken from Cayenne, the capital city of French Guiana.